Diabetes Mellitus: Can It Cure?
Doctors will suspect diabetes if the patient has diabetes risk factors, or there is a high level of sugar in the urine. Blood sugar levels will increase if the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin, or if the body does not respond to insulin.
The diagnosis of diabetes is done by several examinations. The doctor may also need to repeat the tests to confirm the diagnosis again.
- Fasting blood glucose examination, which is an examination of blood sugar levels in the morning before the person being examined is eating. Blood sugar levels of 126 mg / dL or more indicate that the person has diabetes mellitus.
- Oral glucose tolerance test, which is an examination of blood sugar levels which is done 2 hours after the person being examined drinks sugar water. Sugar levels of 200 mg / dL or more indicate that the person has diabetes mellitus.
- A1c examination, which is a blood test to assess blood sugar levels in the last 2-3 months before the examination. A1c levels of 6.5% or more indicate that a person has diabetes.
How is diabetes treated?
Diabetes is a serious disease that cannot be treated without a doctor’s guide. The doctor can plan and explain the treatment that must be undertaken. Diabetics may also need other experts for the treatment of diabetes, for example, nutritionists, ophthalmologists, neurologists, cardiologists, and endocrine specialists (who are more skilled in dealing with hormonal diseases such as diabetes, where there are disorders of the hormone insulin).
Diabetes treatment requires close monitoring of blood sugar levels (and maintaining blood sugar levels at the target set by the doctor) with the help of drugs, exercise, and food. By paying attention to mealtimes and types of food eaten, people with diabetes can avoid the undesirable side effects of diabetes medications, especially insulin which can reduce blood sugar levels quickly.
Nutrition and time management for diabetes
Balanced nutrition is important for people with diabetes mellitus. In type 1 diabetes, insulin use is determined by activity and food (meal times, amount of food, and type of food). Usually, doctors recommend eating three small meals interspersed with snacks three to four times a day every day to keep insulin levels and blood sugar in balance.
Consumption of carbohydrates, proteins, and balanced fats can help achieve the desired blood sugar levels. The amount of each nutrient depends on various factors, including weight and target to be achieved. If the person is obese, you may need a low-carbohydrate, low-fat, or low-calorie diet to reach your blood sugar target. Saturated fats must not exceed 7% of the total content in food and avoid trans fats.
People with diabetes need to pay special attention to carbohydrate consumption because carbohydrates affect blood sugar more quickly than protein and fat. Carbohydrates can come from sweet foods, fruits, milk, yogurt, bread, cereals, rice, pasta, potatoes, and other vegetables.
It is important to estimate the number of carbohydrates from each food or drinks consumed, and regulate it so that it is consistent with the amount of insulin and drugs consumed. If more carbohydrates are eaten than insulin is used, blood sugar levels will increase. However, if too little carbohydrate is eaten, blood sugar levels will become too low and cause serious complications, namely hypoglycemia which can lead to coma and death if not immediately get help. May also consult a nutritionist.
Fiber can also help control blood sugar, and reduce levels of bad fats (LDL) in the body. Fiber can be obtained from fresh vegetables and fruit, nuts, wheat, brown rice, etc.
Alcohol can increase blood sugar levels because alcohol contains many calories.
Sports in diabetes
Another important element in the diabetes therapy program is exercise. Exercise can increase insulin use and reduce blood sugar levels. To prevent excessive drop in blood sugar levels, check blood sugar levels before exercise and, if necessary, consume snacks half an hour before exercise. If symptoms begin to appear low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), stop exercising and immediately consume foods or drinks that contain carbohydrates. Wait for 15 minutes then check again. If the blood sugar is still too low, eat again immediately.
Exercise helps people with type 2 diabetes to reduce their blood sugar levels and can prevent type 2 diabetes in people at risk. Exercise can also reduce the risk of heart attack or stroke and improve blood circulation. Can also eliminate emotional stress. Most people with diabetes are advised to exercise moderate (for example, healthy walking) at least 150 minutes per week. Muscle strength training is recommended twice per week. May also consult with a doctor to determine the appropriate type of exercise.
Lifestyle changes in diabetes
People with diabetes are at risk of experiencing hypoglycemia or a decrease in blood sugar that is too far from the use of anti-diabetes drugs that are not right, not eating on time, or excessive activity. Watch for signs of hypoglycemia, because if not treated immediately it can lead to coma or seizures. If there are signs of hypoglycemia, such as dizziness, weakness, drowsiness, etc., immediately consume foods that contain sugar or carbohydrates and if it does not improve, immediately go to the nearest emergency department.
Pay attention to dental and oral hygiene. In diabetes, the immune system will decrease. This can lead to bacterial and fungal infections. Mushrooms are usually found in the oral cavity in the form of vaginal discharge.
Diabetes can also interfere with blood circulation, especially in the legs, so that small wounds in the legs are often difficult to heal. If blood sugar is out of control, nerve fibers can also occur so that sensitivity to pain decreases, especially in the legs. People with diabetes often do not realize that their feet hurt because they do not feel pain until finally, the wound is too late to treat. Diabetes can also cause dry and cracked skin and dry skin will be more easily injured. So, people with diabetes need to pay attention to the cleanliness of their feet every day, keep the skin moist, and protect the feet from getting hurt even the slightest. Immediately contact a doctor if a wound occurs in the foot, especially if the wound is difficult to dry, get bigger, or remove the pus.
Can diabetes recover?
In fact, until now no method or drug has been found that can cure diabetes, although research is continuing to find methods that can cure diabetes. Natural therapies such as yoga cannot cure diabetes. However, this kind of therapy can eliminate emotional stress and stress itself is very influential on blood sugar levels. Supplements cannot cure diabetes. Some supplements actually actually dangerous for people with diabetes because they interact with anti-diabetes drugs that are being consumed and cause unwanted effects. However, there are also supplements that can relieve diabetes symptoms such as tingling or pain. Because caution is needed in the use of supplements, it is advisable to consult a doctor before taking them.
Although it cannot be cured, diabetes can be controlled so that people with diabetes mellitus can still be alive and optimally active. To control diabetes, the following are needed.
- Regulating blood sugar levels. Study and ask your doctor what needs to be done to keep blood sugar normal. Check your blood sugar levels regularly. Take diabetes medications according to doctor’s instructions. And balance food intake with medication, exercise, stress management, and good sleep habits.
- Meal planning. Make meal plans, consult a doctor, and carry out according to what has been scheduled.
- Eat healthy foods. Always bring healthy food provisions when traveling so you don’t need to eat unhealthy snacks.
- Regular exercise. Exercise can keep the body healthy, burn calories, and reduce blood sugar levels.
- Check regularly. Go to the doctor regularly.