Getting to Know More About Vitiligo Disease
The presence of white patches on our faces and bodies is certainly disturbing. Lay people generally think these spots are phlegm. However, it turns out the skin disease that begins with the appearance of white spots or lighter colored than the skin around not only phlegm. Other diseases such as pityriasis alba, leprosy, and vitiligo can also provide symptoms in the form of the appearance of white patches on the skin. This time we will discuss further vitiligo.
Vitiligo causes loss of skin color in the form of patches with a lighter color than the surrounding skin. Its size varies from small to large and often affects two sides of the body.
Generally, vitiligo occurs on the skin, but it can also be found in other parts of the body that have pigments, such as hair, lips, and even eyes. Vitiligo is not a contagious disease and is not life-threatening. However, vitiligo can disrupt the lives of sufferers because it causes a lack of confidence in depression. Most sufferers have to live with vitiligo for the rest of their lives, so mental endurance is needed so that they remain steadfast and confident.
Vitiligo causes loss of skin color, which dermatologists call depigmentation. This pigment loss can occur in any part of the body, including:
- Hair (head, eyebrows, eyelashes, beards)
- The inner lining of the mouth
Most vitiligo sufferers experience depigmentation of the skin. The skin can become brighter or become completely white. Depigmentation can be the only signs and symptoms of vitiligo, but some sufferers feel itching or pain in the depigmented area. In addition, due to aesthetic problems, most vitiligo sufferers feel inferior and often develop depression.
Millions of people in the world suffer from vitiligo. Nearly half occurred before the age of 21 years. Most vitiligo sufferers have to live with the disease for the rest of their lives. In rare cases, vitiligo disappears completely. Vitiligo occurs equally in all skin colors and races, both men and women.
The risk of developing vitiligo is increased in people with:
- Family history of biological problems with vitiligo
- Autoimmune diseases, especially Hashimoto’s disease (an autoimmune disease in the thyroid gland) or alopecia areata (baldness)
Vitiligo occurs when the death of cells called melanocytes. This cell functions to give color to the skin and hair. Scientists do not yet know for certain why these cells die. It is suspected that vitiligo is an autoimmune disease caused by the body’s mistake in recognizing melanocytes as a foreign object so that the body attacks and kills these cells.
Vitiligo can be distinguished from phlegm by the absence of a thin layer of scaly skin on white patches that appear on the skin and generally does not increase itching when exposed to sweat. Besides white patches on vitiligo can not disappear after administration of antifungal drugs optimally.
You can disguise depigmented spots by using makeup that resembles your natural skin color. Use a sunscreen with SPF 30 and above and protect yourself with clothing or a hat to avoid exposure to UV rays both to reduce the contrast between normal skin and those experiencing vitiligo.
If you suspect vitiligo, check with your skin specialist immediately for immediate treatment. Vitiligo therapy varies from medication using topical medication that is applied to the skin to using sophisticated tools such as lasers. This needs to be discussed with your doctor.